## HOWTO: Convert 6 digit css color code to 3 digit

Okay, So you want to convert 6 digit css color codes to 3 digit. They are almost same. But 3 digit helps to remember it.  Before jumping into code let me explain what does 3 digit represents. A css color #abc means #aabbcc. No its NOT  #a0b0c0. It may appear that  the second one is more appropriate. But the fact is Its not. You can test it.   See the following table.

#aabbcc #abc #a0b0c0

So to convert any 6 digit css color to a 3 digit color needs some calculation. Thats why I have written a php function.

See the code bellow

```function convert_color(\$color){
preg_match("|#([\da-h]{2})([\da-h]{2})([\da-h]{2})|", \$color, \$match);
\$n=array();
array_shift(\$match);
foreach(\$match as \$m)
array_push(\$n, reduce_digit(\$m));
return "#". implode("", \$n);
}

function reduce_digit(\$hex){
\$n = hexdec(\$hex);
\$r = \$n%17 ;
\$d = intval(\$n/17)+ ((\$r<8)?0:1);
return dechex(\$d);
}```

Just call the convert_color function with 6 digit css color. For example. “#bcd465”. Here # is necessary. This will return the 3 digit css color.

If you want to test it, run the following code.

```\$params= array(
array("#aabbcc","#abc"),
array("#112233","#123"),
array("#456789","#468"),
array("#1234fa","#13f"),
array("#000000","#000")
);

foreach(\$params as \$param){
\$f = convert_color(\$param);
\$e = \$param;
echo "Passed={\$param}, Expected=", \$e, ", Actual=";
echo \$f, ", Status=", ((\$e==\$f)?"SUCCESS":"FAILED"), PHP_EOL;
}```

I have run it it the result is good.

```Passed=#aabbcc, Expected=#abc, Actual=#abc, Status=SUCCESS
Passed=#112233, Expected=#123, Actual=#123, Status=SUCCESS
Passed=#456789, Expected=#468, Actual=#468, Status=SUCCESS
Passed=#1234fa, Expected=#13f, Actual=#13f, Status=SUCCESS
Passed=#000000, Expected=#000, Actual=#000, Status=SUCCESS```

## Create Next Previous Javascript Bookmarklet for Slideshow Tutorial Ebook sites

Recently I was browsing http://talks.php.net. There were bunch of slideshows about php. I work on PHP most times. So It was good for me.
The problem arise when I saw some slide shows didn’t rendered correctly in html. so there was no next, previous button. I had to change the urls to navigate next, previous pages.
Most urls were in the format http://domain.com/path/slideshow/1, where 1 is the page number. Changing it to 2 led me to the 2nd page of the sildeshow.
I wanted it to make automated. Via javascript obviously ( being a big fan of JS).

So I made two Javascript bookmarklet button. So when you click the Next button, it will go to next page. And same for Prev button.
Following are the buttons. All you have to do is just drag those button to your Browsers Bookmark bar. Thats it!

Next Page

Prev Page

Note: Not all the urls will work. See below to get more idea.

1. http://domain.com/path/slideshow/1 Will work
2. http://domain.com/path/slideshow/1.html Will not work
3. http://domain.com/path/slideshow/1.php. Will not work
4. http://domain.com/path/slideshow-1. Will work
5. http://domain.com/path/slide-2/show Will not work
6. http://domain.com/path/slide-2/show.php Will not work
7. http://domain.com/path/slide-2 Will not work
8. http://domain.com/path/slideshow#1 Will work ! !

Sometimes those buttons discussed above may not work, eg, Manual, ebook etc sites. In that case use the following two buttons.
These are quite handy if you are browsing a site where next page cannot be guessed from url.

Next URL

Prev URL

Here is the code

Next Button:

```var e=document.getElementsByTagName("link");
var g="getAttribute";
var l=window.location.href;
for(i=0;i<e.length;i++){
r=e[i][g]("rel").toLowerCase();
h=e[i][g]("href");
if(r=="next"){
l=h;
break;
}
}```

Previous Button:

```var e=document.getElementsByTagName("link");
var g="getAttribute";
var l=window.location.href;
for(i=0;i<e.length;i++){
r=e[i][g]("rel").toLowerCase();
h=e[i][g]("href");
if(r=="prev"){
l=h;
break;
}
}```

## Convert an PHP array to object

How do you convert an php array stdClass object?

Many times, we have to convert array to stdClass objects for easy access. Yeah, easy access. At least for me. Cause typing [“”] instead of -> requires 2 extra key press. I dont like that.

So how do you do it?

Its really simple, just cast the array with (object). It’ll become an stdClass.
See the following code,

```\$ar = array(
"age"=>27,
"name"=> "john",
"female"=>0
);
print_r(\$ar); // will print "Array" as type

// making it an object

\$ob = (object) \$ar;
print_r(\$ob); // will print "stdClass Object" as type

// compare the values.
if(\$ar["name"]===\$ob->name)
echo "values are identical", PHP_EOL;
else
echo "values are not identical", PHP_EOL;```